Frederick Carl Frieseke (1874–1939)

Ας γνωρίσουμε τον Frederick Carl Frieseke, έξοχο Αμερικανό ιμπρεσιονιστή ζωγράφο που έζησε για πολλά χρόνια στην Γαλλία κάνοντας εκφραστικά λάδια και ονειρικές υδατογραφίες. 
Θεωρείται τυπικός ιμπρεσιονιστής αλλά σε κάποιους πίνακες,αυτούς που έκανε προς το τέλος της καριέρας του, διακρίνονται, ειδικά στα τοπία, ισχυρές επιρροές από τον ρεαλισμό.
Ο Φρίσεκι (Φρέντρικ Φρίσεκι άκουσα να προφέρουν το όνομά του σ΄ένα αμερικάνικο ρεπορτάζ που είδα)δεν ζωγράφισε μόνον γυναίκες μα σαν φιγούρες αυτές είναι που κυριαρχούν στην θεματολογία του.Είναι χαλαρές,ήρεμες,καλοζωισμένες,ευτυχείς και κάνουν ανέμελα καθημερινά πράγματα του τύπου να διαβάζουν,να στολίζονται,να συζητούν,να βγαίνουν βόλτα σε ολάνθιστους κήπους και όμορφες λίμνες και διάφορα τέτοια αισιόδοξα,πολύ χαρούμενα και ειρηνικά σε μιαν εποχή που η Ευρώπη συνταραζόταν, για μια  ακόμα φορά  στην ιστορία της, από συγκλονιστικά γεγονότα. 
Ο Frieseke δεν τα αγνοούσε,φαντάζομαι, αλλά προτίμησε να αποτυπώσει την ανώνυμη ανεμελιά και την χαρά της ζωής που θα έπρεπε,λέω εγώ,να μπορούν να απολαμβάνουν όλοι οι άνθρωποι παντού και πάντα και σε παντοτινές συνθήκες ειρήνης.
Και μια και ό,τι και να γίνει ή να της κάνουν η Άνοιξη προαναγγέλλει ότι έρχεται με τις ανθισμένες αμυγδαλιές του Φεβρουαρίου και πάντα το τηρεί,αντλώ κι εγώ χρώμα και φως από την παλέτα του Frieseke για να την υποδεχτώ φιλτράροντας αισιόδοξα αν και όχι ανέμελα και πάντως γυναικεία (μη το ψάχνετε)τα τωρινά μα και τα μελλούμενα.

"The Garden Umbrella",λάδι σε καμβά 

"Grey Day on the River Circa", 1908


"Girl in Blue Arranging Flowers" 


"Garden In June",1911 


"Misty Morning in The Seine",υδατογραφία,1899  
"The Pirogue",1926 

"The Practice Hour",1926 



"Afternoon at The Beach",1905-1906


"Under the Striped Umbrella"
"Blue Girl Reading",1935

"Under the Willows"
"The Gold Locket",1917-1919 
"Oriental Parasol"
"Fishing In The Swamp" 

"Hoeing Jacksonville",1921 

"Closed Blinds"

"Hollyhocks" 

"Night, Orange Grove",1921

"On the Beach in Corsica",1913
"Self Portrait",1901 

"The Kitchen Door"

" The Birdcage",1910


"Lady with Parasol",1908 

"Nasturtiums",1904

"Man Ploughing ",υδατογραφία,1900

"Femme dans un Jardin", 1912

"Yellow Tulips"

"Normandy Girl",1922

"Pensive Model",1930 

" Samadan Landscape",1931

 "Spring",1923


"Portrait of a Woman With a Cactus" ,1930 
Frederick Carl Frieseke was born in Owosso, Michigan on April 7, 1874 to Herman Carl and Eva (Graham) Frieseke. His father manufactured bricks, including those used to build Frieseke's boyhood home. Following his mother's death when Frederick was six years old, he spent some time living with his aunt and uncle, Mr. & Mrs. C. C. Duff and working in his uncle's grocery store.His aunt remembered him as being different from other boys.
He was more interested in music, art, and reading than athletics and the outdoors. He would even draw in the margins or on the end pages of his school books. He frequently sang with his aunt and uncle, but his grandmother, Mrs. Valetta Gould Graham, liked to paint and encouraged him to develop his artistic talents.After graduating from Owosso High School in 1893, Frieseke went on to study art at the Chicago Art Institute for a year. In 1895 he moved to New York to study at the Art Students' League, and in 1898 he moved to Paris where he enrolled at the Academie Julian and was influenced by James A. M. Whistler.During these first few years in Paris, Frieseke spent part of his time doing work commissioned by Rodman Wanamaker.
He was also commissioned to paint murals for Wanamaker's store in New York and the Shelbourne Hotel in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Wanamaker's interest is credited with providing Frieseke freedom from pursuits other than painting.In 1906 Frieseke rented the house next door to Claude Monet in Giverny, France for the summer. He and his wife, Sarah Ann O'Bryan, whom he married in 1905, and later their daughter Frances spent their summers there until about 1919. Many of Frieseke's paintings were set in this house or its garden.Frieseke was increasingly dissatisfied with the formal art forms of his time. In an interview with Clara T. MacChesney, probably in 1912, he considered himself an impressionist and said, "No artist in [the impressionist] school has influenced me except, perhaps, Renoir." His principal concerns were the varied effects of sunlight. As he said himself, "It is sunshine, flowers in sunshine; girls in sunshine; the nude in sunshine, which I have been principally interested in. If I could only reproduce it exactly as I see it I would be satisfied." His subjects were often women seated in sunny gardens or boudoirs.
Occasionally he also painted landscapes, still-lifes, and nudes. As he grew older, he painted more of his own life, including his wife and daughter.Frieseke's paintings won many honors beginning with a silver medal at the St. Louis Exposition in 1904; he also won the gold medal in Munich that same year. The climax in a succession of honors was reached in 1915 when he won the grand prize at the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco. In 1920 his painting Torn Lingerie won two gold medals and the popular prize at the Chicago Art Institute, based upon the opinions of both other artists and the general public.After the first World War, Frieseke purchased a country home in Normandy. He preferred living in France to the United States because of the freedom it offered him. As his grandson Nicholas Kilmer noted, the Friesekes lived in Normandy for two reasons--first the trout fishing was good and second Frieseke was not required "to make a noise like an artist". Frieseke himself said, "I stay on here because I am more free and there are not the Puritanical restrictions which prevail in America . . . .I can paint a nude in my garden or down by the fish pond and not be run out of town."
Frieseke, however, continued to consider himself an American and made occasional trips back to the States.In 1904 the French government purchased his Before the Glass, and it was hung in the Luxembourg Gallery. In 1912, after his first solo exhibition, Wanamaker gave Frieseke's La Toilette to the Metropolitan Museum in New York. Many other museums were also to acquire his paintings including The Art Institute of Chicago, The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, The Detroit Institute of Arts, the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., and the Modern Gallery in Venice, Italy. Two of his paintings have hung in the Shiawassee District Library--Lady With the Sunshade, which was a gift to the city of Owosso in 1926, and Holland 1898. A number of other museums, private individuals, and the Shiawassee Arts Council also have some of his paintings.After World War I there was a slow but steady decline in Frieseke's popularity.
In spite of continuing awards and the acquisition of his paintings by a number of museums, diminishing sales and negative reviews reflected a change in tastes. Critics saw his work as outmoded and overly conservative and Frieseke as a painter of pretty women. It was also during this time that the mood of his paintings became more contemplative, his colors more somber, and his compositions more static. His style was becoming less French Impressionist and moving more towards realism.Frieseke said that "I never compose a picture before Nature, but I paint what I see that is interesting, and which appeals to me at that moment. I put down whatever I see before me. I avoid being conventional as much as possible, for most picture making is conventional. I never change the drawing of a tree, or leave out a bed of flowers. I may not see them, if they do not add to the beauty of the whole." However, his family remembered his wife editing his paintings by removing things from the top of bureaus and tables which she did not want seen.Frieseke died August 24, 1939 in Normandy and was buried at Mesnil-sur-Blangy in France.
Ironically, it is Frieseke's nudes which were never popular with the American public that are considered to be his best works. His paintings have also regained some of their original popularity and frequently command high prices at auction.
"Cherry Blossoms",1913


 "Nude in Dappled Sunlight", 1915
"Morning Toilet" 

"Before the Mirror",1903 

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